Hong Psychological Reactance Scale: Factorial structure and measurement invariance of the Czech version
Keywords:reactance, factor structure, measurement invariance
Objective: Psychological reactance is a construct of high practical utility in health care and other areas. However, no clear consensus has been achieved regarding its structure. This study aimed to test the factor structure of the Czech version of the Hong Psychological Reactance Scale (HPRS) and to test its measurement invariance.
Methods: N = 544 adults answered the HPRS in an online survey. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test five competing models based on previous studies and to assess the measurement invariance of the HPRS across gender and age.
Results: None of the hypothesized models fit the data. We proposed a new bifactor model that fit the data adequately and was strictly invariant with respect to gender, but not across two age groups.
Conclusions: The Czech HPRS can be considered a reliable measure of the general reactance across both genders, but caution must be exercised when comparing reactance across different age groups. Replication of the new model is needed.
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